Nord Stream Energy for Europe
Nord Stream transports natural gas from Russia to Europe and covers the annual energy needs of 26 million households.
Together, the two Nord Stream pipeline strings can transport up to 55 billion cubic metres of gas per year from Russia to Europe – enough to meet the energy needs of more than 26 million European households.
Years of preparatory work were required before the start of construction work. Three route options were considered as well as 16 potential landfall sites. Thousands of kilometres of seabed were examined. More than 150 shipwrecks were discovered. On 9 April 2010, the first pipes were welded on the Castoro Sei laying vessel and, on 8 November 2011, the gas transport through the first of the two Nord Stream pipelines started.
Nord Stream AG has invested over 100 million euros to assess and minimise the environmental impact of the pipeline. Geophysical surveys of the seabed were carried out over a distance of more than 40,000 kilometres. The company’s environmental and socio-economic monitoring programme has assessed the impact of the pipelines on water and air quality, birds, fish and marine mammal behaviour, as well as on fisheries development, shipping and cultural assets.
Wintershall Dea responded early to the rising demand for imports to Europe. By acquiring a stake in Nord Stream, the direct connection between Russia and the EU, a long-term solution has been found for Europe’s security of supply.
In more than 23.5 million working hours, 2.4 million tonnes of steel were moved and many other activities completed. 148 ships were involved in the work in and around the Baltic Sea. Complying with all safety standards and minimising the impact on the environment were top priorities.
trillion cubic metres of natural gas are the estimated reserves at the Bovanenkovo gas field – the main source of natural gas for the Nord Stream pipeline.
billion cubic metres of natural gas are transported through the pipeline every year.
liquefied gas tankers would be needed to meet the potential of Nord Stream.